Fort Wayne is located in the city of Detroit, Michigan, at the foot of Livernois Avenue, in the Delray neighborhood. The fort is located in Detroit. The fort is located on the Detroit River, at a point where it is located less than half a mile off the coast of Ontario. The original limestone barracks from 1848 (with later brick additions) still stands, as is the fort from 1845 (renovated in 1863 with external brick cladding).
On the grounds, but outside the original fort, there are additional barracks, officer quarters, hospitals, shops, a recreational building, a police station, a guardhouse, a garage and a stable. Built in 1842, Fort Wayne is perhaps best known for its role in major military conflicts. The fort served as a training ground for Michigan's volunteer infantry and artillery troops during the Civil War, and as a garrison for 500 African-American soldiers segregated in World War I. Its name obviously comes from Fort Wayne, which is located in the southwest of Detroit.
It joins the Pontchartrain and Fort Shelby hotels and is also named after Detroit's military facilities. In 1876, Henry Gillman and the Detroit Scientific Association excavated the Fort Wayne mound. During the Cold War, Fort Wayne served as a gateway station for the armed forces, with thousands of enlisted and recruits sworn in during the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Later, in the course of the war, British general Isaac Brock crossed the narrowest part of the Detroit River with his troops and landed at the future siege of Fort Wayne before marching to Detroit.
Fort Wayne remained unused for a decade after its initial construction, with only one guard. The Fort Wayne Hotel was one of many majestic hotels that appeared in downtown Detroit in the 1920s, and has become one of the abandoned, windowless hotels that dot the city today. Among other functions, throughout its 125 years, Fort Wayne served as an infantry training station, the temporary headquarters of the Chaplin School, the main place for the purchase of vehicles and weapons manufactured in Detroit during the two world wars and, also during the Second World War, it housed prisoners of war from Italy. Fort Wayne served as home to Italian prisoners of war captured during the North African campaign, who worked as servants, cooks and janitors.
Two weeks after the start of the war, Michigan's 1st Volunteer Infantry Regiment entered service in Fort Wayne. Fort Wayne, named after Brigadier General Anthony Wayne, was Detroit's third fort, but the first one built by Americans. Before any cannon was installed in the newly built Fort Wayne, the United States and Great Britain peacefully resolved their differences, eliminating the need for a fort on the Detroit River. This second fort was built further inland, centered on what is now the intersection of Fort Street and Shelby Street.
This motor vehicle supply function peaked in World War II, when Fort Wayne was designated an engine supply depot and additional buildings were constructed for storage and shipping. That fort was given to the British in 1760 during the French and Indian War and, several years later, the British built a new fort with the name of Fort Lernoult. In the early 20th century, the only remaining mound in Fort Wayne was excavated by archaeologists at the University of Michigan and found to contain human remains dating back more than 900 years. At the time, Fort Wayne was the world's largest engine supply depot, the command center that controlled the flow of material from automobile factories to the citywide network of storage and storage facilities, which included the Michigan State Fairgrounds and the port terminal of Detroit.
During the First World War, Fort Wayne became central to the procurement of cars, trucks and spare parts for the military. .